Bahrain announces major new economic growth and fiscal balance plan

by BTM

Mon, 01 November 2021

Bahrain announces major new economic growth and fiscal balance plan

The Government of the Kingdom of Bahrain has announced a new national economic growth and fiscal balance plan. The multi-year plan represents one of Bahrain’s largest economic reform programmes, with the aim of enhancing the economy’s long-term competitiveness and supporting the post-COVID 19 recovery.

The new five-pillar plan, which aligns with Bahrain’s Economic Vision 2030 and the Kingdom’s intention to achieve net zero by 2060, includes:

1. A new Labour Market Reform Plan: including a long-term National Labour Market Strategy; a review of labour fees; and a new Tamkeen Strategy (Bahrain’s public authority which supports the development of the private sector) to continue upskilling the Bahraini workforce. The program aims to create 20,000 Bahraini jobs and train 10,000 Bahraini annually until 2024.

2. A Regulatory Reform Package: including simplifying the process of business licenses approval procedures; the launch of a new Government Land Bank; an online portal to showcase investment opportunities; launching an online portal to digitise and simplify urban planning related services; and the launch of a new residency permit program to attract talent and investors. The package aims to support $2.5 billion of Foreign Direct Investment by 2023.


3. A Strategic Projects Plan: catalysing over $30 billion of investments in strategic projects and creating new industrial investment areas across the Kingdom.


4. Priority Sectors Plan: six new sector strategies will be implemented across oil and gas; tourism; logistics; financial services; telecommunications, IT and digital economy; and the manufacturing sector. The new sector strategies aim to support annual growth of 5 per cent in the non-oil sector by 2022.

5. Fiscal Balance Programme Update: eight new fiscal reform workstreams incorporate reducing recurrent non-manpower expenditure; reducing project spend; reducing manpower expenditure; streamlining the distribution of cash subsidies to citizens; increasing Government-owned entities annual contributions; adjusting commodities prices and prices of services provided to companies; introducing new Government services revenue initiatives; and a VAT increase to 10 per cent. The programme seeks to balance Bahrain’s budget by 2024, compared to the pre-COVID 19 target of 2022.

Following the announcement, His Excellency Shaikh Salman bin Khalifa Al Khalifa, Bahrain’s Minister of Finance and National Economy, said:

“This comprehensive economic and fiscal plan is an investment in our nation’s people, our businesses, and the future of Bahrain.

“The swift healthcare and economic action taken by the government throughout COVID 19 secured the foundations of recovery, as evidenced by the real YoY growth of 5.7 per cent in the second quarter of this year. The Kingdom is emerging from the pandemic with reasons to be highly optimistic and the plan announced today aims to turbocharge the recovery.

“The plan is also a concrete statement of our intent to secure a balanced budget by 2024 and provide long-term fiscal sustainability, with eight new spending and revenue initiatives complementing our broader economic competitiveness enhancements.”